There are so many powerful female politicians in the world that it would be impossible to rank them all in order. Some of the most powerful political women throughout the history of civilization have made, or are making, significant strides in the world for equality.
Julia Gillard, Australia’s first female prime minister, has been known for her unwillingness to back down when it comes to labour rights and women’s issues. Sonia Gandhi was elected president of the Indian National Congress in 1998 after she was widowed by the prime minister of India. Indira Priyadarshini Gandhi was the third prime minister of India and she served for three consecutive terms. In addition, she was the first female prime minister of India and remains the second longest serving female prime minister in history. Sukhbaataryn Yanjmaa, a Mongolian politician, was the acting president of Mongolia for almost one year. Soong Ching-ling became the first woman to serve as China’s head of state without being a royal member.
Angela Dorothea Merkel is the first female chancellor of Germany. In 2007 she became the president of the European Council. She is dedicated to reforming health care and energy development. Johanna Siguroardottir, Prime Minister of Iceland, is the first openly lesbian head of state. Simonetta Sommaruga is the Swiss Head of Federal Department of Justice and Police. Eveline Widmer-Schlumpf, also a Swiss politician, heads the department of finance. Tarja Kaarina Holonen, President of Finland, is the first female to hold such an office.